Santeria and Its Beliefs

 

 

WHO ARE THE ORISHA’S: ORISHA’S OR SANITS ARE WHO WE AS PRACTITIONIER’S PRAY TO, TO ACHIEVE A RESONABLE DESIRE. THERE ARE MANY ORISHA’S IN SANTERIA AND ALL HAVE BEEN ASSIGNED, WITH A SPECIFIC TASK.

 

HOW DOES  A SPECIFIC REQUEST GET GRANTED: IF A SAINT LIKES TOY CARS, OR A CIGAR, IT WILL BE GIVEN AS A OFFERING OF FAITH.  IF YOUR PRAYER IS IN VEIN, OR IF YOU ASK TO HURT SOMEONE, AND OFFER A GIFT, IT WILL NEVER BE GRANTED. OUR ORISHA’S ARE A MANIFESTATION OF GOD ALMIGHTY. WE DO NOT PRACTICE VOODOO, OR SATANISM.  THE ORISHAS ARE A COSMIC FORCE SENT FOR HUMANITY AS A TOOL TO BE USED IN EVERYDAY LIFE, PROBLEMS, AND THEY'RE HELP IS GIVEN TO THOSE WHOM THEY WILL, BASED OFF OF ONE'S INTENT BEHIND PRAYERS. THE ORISHAS KNOW EVERYTHING, SEE EVERYTHING, AND HEAR EVERYTHING.

 

DO THE ORISHA’S HAVE NAMES: YES, EACH SAINT HAS A NAME, AND WE WILL COVER THE 5 MAIN SAINTS. EACH SAINT WILL BE LISTED BELOW.
 

Elegba: (also referred to Eleggua or Elegguá) is the owner 

of the roads and doors in this world. He is the repository of ashé. The colors red and black or white and black are his and codify his contradictory nature. In particular, Elegba stands at the crossroads of the human and the divine, as he is childlike messenger between the two worlds. In this role, it is not surprising that he has a very close relationship with the orisha of divination, Orunmila. Nothing can be done in either world without his permission. Elegba is always propitiated and always called first before any other orisha as he opens the door between the worlds and opens our roads in life. He recognises himself and is recognised by the numbers 3 and 21.

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Obatala: is the father of all the orishas and of all humanity. He is also the owner of all heads and the mind. It is Obatalá who is the creator of humanity. Obatalá is the source of all that is pure, peaceful and compassionate. He has a warrior side though, through which he enforces justice in the world. His color is white which is often accented with red, purple and other colors to represent his/her different paths. 

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Shango: The energy given from this Deity of Thunder is also a major symbol of African resistance against an enslaving European culture. He rules the colors red and white; his sacred number is 6; his symbol is the oshe (or double-headed axe), which represents swift and balanced justice. His dominance is over male sexuality and human vitality, in general. He is owner of the Bata (3 double-headed drums), as well as the Arts of Music, Dance and Entertainment. Shango can also be deduced, in some regards, as the personification of the essence of strategy.

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Yemayá: lives and rules over the seas and lakes. She also rules over maternity in our lives as she is the Mother of All. Her name, a shortened version of Yeyé Omo Eja means "Mother Whose Children are the Fish" to reflect the fact that her children are uncountable. All life started in the sea, the amneotic fluid inside the mother's womb is a form of sea where the embryo must transform and evolve through the form of a fish before becoming a human baby. In this way Yemayá displays herself as truly the mother of all. She, and the root of all the paths or manifestations, She dresses herself in seven skirts of blue and white and like the seas and profound lakes she is deep and unknowable.

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Oshún: rules over the sweet waters of the world, the brooks, streams and rivers, embodying love, fertility. She also is the one we most often approach to aid us in money matters. She is the youngest of the female Orishas but retains the title of Iyalode or great queen. She heals with her sweet waters and with honey which she also owns. She is the femme fatale of the Orishas. She recognizes herself in the colors yellow and gold and her number is five. Peacocks and vultures are hers and we use them often to represent her.